前两天看了Delphi版面精华区中的“进程死亡的自动复活“一文,觉得作者的思路很不错,利用api来监视进程的活动,当被销毁时就自动再创建进程。仔细推敲之后,发觉其实用vb也是可以做到的。于是花了半天的时间写了以下的程序,实现了使用WaitForSingleObject  API来监视被创建的进程的活动,一旦返回除time out 之外的消息就自动创建新的进程。以下为其实现代码。在win2000 server + vb 6.0下通过。
Option Explicit

Private RunFile$

Private Const NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS = &H20    '如果进程位于前台,则基本值是9;如果在后台,则优先值为7
Private Const INFINITE = &HFFFFFFFF
Private Const WAIT_TIMEOUT = &H102&           '对象保持未发出信号的状态,但等待超时时间已经超过
Private Flag As Boolean ‘进程活动监视标志

'说明∶PROCESS_INFORMATION结构由CreateProcess函数将关于新建立的进程和
'主要线索的信息写入其中成员变量
Private Type PROCESS_INFORMATION    '
       hProcess As Long
       hThread As Long
       dwProcessId As Long
       dwThreadId As Long
End Type

'说明∶STARTUPINFO结构用在CreateProcess函数中指定为新进程建立的新窗口的主要属性。这一
'一信息影响由CreateWindows函数建立的第一个窗口
Private Type STARTUPINFO
       cb As Long
       lpReserved As String
       lpDesktop As String
       lpTitle As String
       dwX As Long
       dwY As Long
       dwXSize As Long
       dwYSize As Long
       dwXCountChars As Long
       dwYCountChars As Long
       dwFillAttribute As Long
       dwFlags As Long
       wShowWindow As Integer
       cbReserved2 As Integer
       lpReserved2 As Long
       hStdInput As Long
       hStdOutput As Long
       hStdError As Long
End Type

Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function WaitForSingleObject Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hHandle As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function CreateProcess Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateProcessA" (ByVal lpApplicationName As String, ByVal lpCommandLine As String, ByVal lpProcessAttributes As Long, ByVal lpThreadAttributes As Long, ByVal bInheritHandles As Long, ByVal dwCreationFlags As Long, lpEnvironment As Any, ByVal lpCurrentDirectory As String, lpStartupInfo As STARTUPINFO, lpProcessInformation As PROCESS_INFORMATION) As Long
Private Declare Function WaitForInputIdle Lib "user32" (ByVal hProcess As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long

Private Sub command1_Click()
   Dim res&
   Dim sinfo As STARTUPINFO
   Dim pinfo As PROCESS_INFORMATION
   sinfo.cb = Len(sinfo)
   sinfo.lpReserved = vbNullString
   sinfo.lpDesktop = vbNullString
   sinfo.lpTitle = vbNullString
   sinfo.dwFlags = 0
   
   Label1.Caption = "正在启动程序"
   Label1.Refresh
  ' CreateProcess函数,用于创建一个新的进程
   res = CreateProcess(DemoFile, vbNullString, 0, 0, True, _
                      NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS, ByVal 0&, vbNullString, sinfo, pinfo)
   If res Then
       Label1.Caption = "程序正在运行中"
       WaitForTerm pinfo
       Label1.Caption = "程序已经结束"
   Else
       Label1.Caption = "启动程序时出错,可能未正确输入" & Chr(13) & "程序名或程序所在路径。"
   End If
End Sub

Private Sub WaitForTerm(pinfo As PROCESS_INFORMATION)
   Dim res&
   Dim res1&
   ' 等待指定的进程进入空闲状态,,空闲(Idle)指的是进程准备处理一条消息、但目前暂时没有消息需要处理的一种状态
   Call WaitForInputIdle(pinfo.hProcess, INFINITE)
   Command1.Enabled = False
   Command2.Enabled = True
   Label1.Refresh
   Do
      If Flag Then Exit Do
     
       '等待发出信号
       res = WaitForSingleObject(pinfo.hProcess, 0)
       If res <> WAIT_TIMEOUT Then      '如果对象发出了信号
          command1_Click
                   
          Exit Do
       End If
       DoEvents
       Debug.Print res
       
   Loop While True
   Command1.Enabled = True
   Command2.Enabled = False
  End Sub

Private Sub Command3_Click()
Flag = True
End Sub

Private Sub Form_Load()
   RunFile = InputBox$("请输入需要运行的程序名与路经")
   Flag = False
   
End Sub

作者:W.Z.L 文章来源:网络


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